Rare Earth New Materials: ignite innovation and upgrade engine
In the new materials industry "12th Five-Year" development plan ", rare earth new materials for special projects, included in one of the ten projects for countries to concentrate on organizing the implementation of China's" 12th Five-Year "period. The plan, strive to 2015, high-performance rare earth and rare metal functional materials production technology to a new level in the field of high-tech industries, promote the use of more than 70%. Senior rare-earth expert Bear Garcia, recalling the road of China's rare earth new materials in industrial technology, if the pre-development called the entrepreneurial stage of exploration, then, the "12th Five-Year" period, should be referred to the innovative development of period.
Plan to guide the direction of Rare Earth New Materials R & D of independent innovation and industrial development of rare earth new materials is a $ 100 billion industry, and the end product will be a one trillion yuan industry ". Bear Garcia said, "12" and even the future, stimulating new growth point for the development of the world economy, is the new energy-based low-carbon industries, such as wind power, new energy, green cars, and battery power, these are inseparable from the rare earth new materials. The end product development of China's rare earth new materials and applications will be to promote the rare earth industry escalating engine.
According to the chief expert of the Chinese Rare Earth Information Center Douxue Hong Professor, rare earth permanent magnet materials, luminescent materials, hydrogen storage materials, polishing materials has become an indispensable raw material for high-tech industries such as equipment manufacturing and new energy. China is the richest countries of the world's rare earth resources, has been formed from mineral processing, separation and purification, refining, preparation of new materials to new materials, functional devices more complete rare earth industry chain industrial system. Of rare earth new materials research and development work has also made considerable progress in a number of independent intellectual property rights in the field of rare earth permanent magnet, light, hydrogen storage, catalytic innovations. Was awarded the National Science and Technology Progress Award by the China Iron and Steel Research Institute, a joint completed high-performance rare earth permanent magnet materials technology; Materials, Shanghai University College of successful preparation of high-quality high-performance rare earth laser transparent Securidaca oxide ceramics, making China Japan after a laser-exporting countries.
For the rare earth new materials for special projects, involving the main content, Bear Garcia talked about his own views. In the rare earth permanent magnet materials, planning organizations to develop high-energy product of new rare earth permanent magnet materials, production processes. Xiong Qi fact, this is the bottleneck of China's rare earth permanent magnet materials technology. He said that in China prepared by high-performance magnets the Curie temperature, low temperature coefficient, although able to meet the requirements of miniaturization, but it is difficult to meet the requirements of the use of high temperature and high stability. Therefore, the batch preparation of high energy product Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet materials, the need to increase R & D and industrialization efforts.
The plan, in hydrogen storage materials, the development of high specific capacity, low self-discharge, long life, a new hydrogen storage materials; accelerate the development of electric vehicles with high-capacity, high stability of the new hydrogen storage alloy. Bear Garcia told reporters that China has not yet large-scale production and practical application of the cars use nickel-hydrogen battery anode material, the key technologies to grasp the need to advance the technology of hydrogen storage alloy in foreign countries, R & D and industrialization process. Hydrogen storage materials is the main raw materials for nickel-metal hydride batteries, high current charge and discharge, mainly used in the manufacture of hybrid vehicles, small mobile communication devices, notebook computers, with the countries of the world increasing attention to environmental protection, hydrogen storage materials production technology research and development will become more and more countries in the world attention.
Plan in the light-emitting materials, polishing materials and cracking catalytic materials to promote the three-color phosphor, 3D display short afterglow phosphor white LED phosphor industry, to speed up high-grade rare earth polishing powder, oil cracking catalytic materials, car The exhaust gas purification catalytic materials industries such as content, Xiong Qi, our country in these three areas of materials, traditional small cottage enterprises with modern large-scale manufacturing enterprises co-exist, the technology strength and poor technical equipment of the SME to the large number. In addition, due to the impact of technological innovation capability is weak and the downstream market monopoly of foreign manufacturers, the majority of enterprises mainly produce low-end products, such as the rare earth luminescent materials, luminescent materials in the high-end energy-saving lamps, flat panel display with rare earth light-emitting materials and special light source using the field of luminescent materials, there were only a few companies have the technical reserves and industrial capacity. The main enterprises of China's production of polishing materials, such as Baotou Steel the Tianjiao Rare Earth Company with Japanese technology and equipment, Baotou Rhodia Rare Earth using French technology.
Industry experts generally agreed that the independent innovation of rare earth new materials industry "12th Five-Year" development plan of the key. To promote the field of rare earth new materials R & D and technological innovation, we must focus on systems integration and long-term accumulation, there must be 10 years grinding sword of the spirit. In addition to vigorously promote the construction of the rare earth industrial technology innovation and strategic alliances and technical services platform, promote the construction of the rare earth industrial park, and enhance the overall strength of China's rare earth new materials research and development, and thus the sustained development of China's rare earth industry. strong scientific support.